Bochnia Royal Salt Mine

From Kraków: Bochnia Royal Salt Mine Private Tour

A few words about the mine

The history of salt extraction in the Bochnia region dates back to 3,500 years B.C. Salt was acquired by evaporating water from brine. Brine wells gave way to excavating salt with the use of mining methods.

The beginnings of the Bochnia mine as an excavating plant date back to 1248. Being a royal facility, the mine generated a huge income. In 1368, King Casimir the Great issued a document referred to as the Saltworks Statute. It defined the organizational and legal principles for selling salt. The oldest Bochnia mining shafts are the Sutoris and Gazaris shafts. The Bochnia mine and the Sutoris Shaft that are mentioned in the legend on St. Kinga’s ring. The mine developed rapidly in 15th and 16th centuries. More shafts are constructed at that time, i.e. Regis , Bochneris, and Campi. In 17th century, due to wars and an economic decline, the plant’s development slowed down.

After 1771, the mine became part of the regions occupied by the Austrians. It remained under Austro-Hungarian control until 1918. In 20th century, salt mining decreased considerably due to its smaller profitability. In 1981, the mine was listed in the Polish register of historical monuments. In the 1990s, the Bochnia mine was opened for tourists and it has been operating as a tourist attraction ever since.

The Bochnia Salt Mine is the greatest treasure of the Bochnia region. Thanks to the salt deposits, the town of Bochnia became one of the most important economic centres of Medieval Małopolska. With each passing century, the Salt Mine continued to leave a distinct mark on the history of the city, its urban development but also the history of business initiatives, and industrial and social development. It is here, in the Bochnia mines, that the process of innovating salt excavation methods gave rise to the introduction of then novel technical solutions. These included treadmills used as hoisting machines and a steam engine, installed in 1930 and produced in 1909 in the Laura Steelworks in Chorzów.



  • Explore the oldest salt mine in Poland
  • Discover the oldest Bochnia mine workings
  • Unik underground chamber flooded with brine
Full description
First we will pick you up from yours address in Kraków. Next is 50 min driving to Bochnia. Discover the oldest Bochnia mine workings, which have never before been made available to tourists, where rock salt was mined from the Middle Ages to the early twentieth century. The world’s only ferry crossing of an underground chamber flooded with brine is without a doubt the biggest attraction of the Bochnia mine. Tourists cross the distance of 120 m in chamber flooded with brine, accompanied by two raftsmen, who spin colourful tales of the mysterious recesses of the Bochnia mine. Unesco launches new travel website ‘Unesco World Heritage Journeys’ to promote Bochnia Royal Salt Mines to global audience. Bochnia Royal Salt Mines selected as one of 34 World Heritage sites in the EU featured in ‘World Heritage Journeys’ sustainable travel web platform. Coinciding with the European Heritage Days celebrations, Unesco will launch the first-ever web platform dedicated to World Heritage and sustainable travel. Supported by the European Union, the platform features 34 selected World Heritage sites spread across 19 European Union countries, and has been developed in collaboration with National Geographic. Driving back to Kraków.
  • English language speaking guide
  • Transportation
  • Entrance to Bochnia salt mine for Tourist Route with the Underground Multimedia Exhibition

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